By Priscila Flora Reis, Clare O’Beara, Sophie-Luise Karson and Lea Lair. Pictures by Julia Sieber.
As christmas is now less than a month away, DBS celebrations are starting to kick-in. Last Tuesday (26th November), the Light Up Your Life Christmas party was a tremendous success.
DBS event management class 3rd year part time students came together to organise a festive event offering snacks, games, raffle and entertainment in the Common room. Of course, the evening was also there to make us remember that Christmas is a time when we should think of other people and help those in need.
Brendan Reid, who was part of the organizers team, explained the aims of this party : “All this money will be donated to this hospice for something special to give them before the last moments in life. So that’s what we aim to achieve tonight and also to give the students…
View original post 441 more words
Editing the short films for college was great fun, and I learned a lot.
(Skip this paragraph, if you are not mechanically minded like me.)
Post production was an entirely positive experience, if you discount the times the Mac computer or Final Cut Pro 10 program crashed. I have written about these issues separately. But it’s worth mentioning that author Michael Jecks, who writes historical fiction, has had similar issues. He says:
“For the last couple of months – perhaps longer – I’ve been suffering from the famous Apple spinning wheel of death. I had my suspicions about the causes, and was pretty sure that it was the amount of data I have stored on the machine’s hard drive.
“It became an issue the more videos I recorded for YouTube. When I loaded iMovie at the same time that iTunes or Photos was open, the computer died. With monotonous regularity. There would be the spinning wheel, and then nothing would happen. The computer had to be turned off and on. Which would fix things – but when this happens four times in rapid succession, you know that there is an issue.
“So I have been trawling through the internet support pages for Apple to seek an answer, and today, at last, I gave up and called them. And lo and behold! a short while later there was an answer. And having done something with my machine (don’t ask me what), the thing is working again. So far.”
Jecks, M. Situation Normal – AFU, Goodreads
Published on April 12, 2019 and read by me the same day.
Before reading that post, I had already decided to figure out if there was anything I could do to make the computers work better with my films. I think the stunning compression rates on the CrossTour Action Cam files may be almost too much for the Mac, which would be a few years old. I thought if there wasn’t enough RAM available I might free up some by shutting down and restarting the computer before starting work, and by shutting it down between each film I cut instead of continuing to import files. So, while I don’t know anything about Macs, I asked the computer to tell me about itself. The ones in the college Media Room have:
OS X Yosemite (which explains the picture of the Half Dome on the monitor)
Mac 21.5 inch late 2012 processor 2.7 GHz Intel Core i5
Memory 8GB 1600 MHz DDR3
Graphics NVidia GeForce GT 640M 512 MB
Storage 1TB Sata Disk
Apps 75.43 GB Audio 24.86 GB Movies 7.51 GB Photos 2.33 GB Backups 3.6 MB
Memory 8 GB. Two memory slots, each one accepts a 1600 MHz DDR3 memory module 4GB and 4GB.
Storage 891.22 GB free of 999.35 GB
™ 1983 – 2015 Apple Inc
The Intel processor is powerful, a Win 10 at home runs Intel Core i3, but the i7 is available now.
Some graphics cards have their own memory which is nearer the card than the machine RAM, so faster for gaming (but Macs are not usually gaming machines). NVidia is a good make.
The 8 gig of RAM is the memory involved in the film making and I compared with another Mac elsewhere in the college. 1600 megahertz is a good standard. The other one ran the same OS but had 4GB, 1333 MHz DDR3. The machine had four memory slots but only two were in use and they held two cards each of 2GB. It had a 2.5 GHz Intel Core i5 processor and instead of NVidia it had a graphics card from AMD Radeon HD 6750M 512 MB, also a good make. Storage was 352.76 GB free of 499.25 GB. The hard drive was 500 GB Sata Disk instead of a terabyte; it also had a superdrive.
So the Macs in the Media Room were significantly more powerful in processing, with twice the random access memory and hard disk of the machines for teaching Photoshop. They got wiped every night. And they were still freezing and crashing.
I decided to use a different machine than the one that lost my file, as advised by my lecturer, in case it had been in use more and something had got a bit loose; when you have opened Google Drive on one computer, you tend to keep using that one, as Google wants to phone you and do two factor authentication if you use another one.
I started turning the machine off and on every time I started work, to release the RAM. I did not open any other files or programs or Google anything using the working machine. I also made sure the FCP drew from library files on my portable terabyte drive and saved work there while in progress. If I saw the program was doing some background work, like importing or saving, I stopped editing and let it settle. This did slow matters down but I had no more crashes. However, the terabyte drive wasn’t the answer to everything, as I was yet to discover.
Film editing has been great fun from the start. At first we edited material supplied; then we edited footage from our phones. I had never had a film camera before and had only taken one or two film clips with my phone camera so I was really learning the process from scratch. I read (recommended by lecturer Kenny Leigh) Walter Murch’s book In The Blink Of An Eye which is not so much a guide to editing as a guide to how to think about editing. Like Mike Figgis’s book Digital Film Making the account spans the years and equipment used from analogue to digital, so I got an understanding of what editing had been about for films and was going to be about in the future. Two memorable points are that film producers ask about a prospective editor, “how fast does he / she work?” as post-production days equal money; and that digitising allows wires to be erased, so stunt wires which used to be almost invisible are now brightly coloured for easier removal.
No stunts in my footage. We might get to that next year. We might also get to more post-production special effects like green screen and split screen, which I would have liked to try. I could have, except that I ran out of time at the end of semester.
I started out by cutting the longer film and went back and forward between the long and short ones, finishing with the longer, so I’ll separate out the work for this article. I mostly did one at a time but some days I did both as they were both using the same sets of footage. Obviously, if they were using completely different footage sets, I would have wasted time by rummaging around in piles of video files, so I would keep separate films separate and shut down the computer between each one. I did insert some clips I had taken during the preceding months for practice in Dublin, so having backed those up was very helpful. I didn’t need to go out and film them again.
Longer short film – Access For All: Dublin to London
This film is the story of our quest to have a nice trip to the tourist spots of London despite our requirement for accessible transport and locations, as my husband Allan now has a mobility issue.
My storyboard for this film would originally have looked like a running series of interviews each morning in the hotel followed by footage of what we did each day. I filmed a little clip in the Stansted Express and one in Liverpool Street Station too. But I was experimenting with the Crosstour and learning, and I later decided the light quality indoors was very variable, plus one only needs to see so many hotel curtains.
So one weekend when I needed to get some photography for my course anyway, Allan and I went out in my van. I photographed some shore birds at Bull Island UNESCO World Biodiversity Reserve and drove to St Anne’s Park in Raheny where Allan sat comfortably on a stone bench near the duck pond and I set up the Crosstour on a tripod. I had written out the series of questions I wanted to ask Allan during an interview. I filmed this interview, also recording with my phone lying on the bench beside Allan, but it turned out the sound from that was no better and slightly fainter. Then I did a nice pan around the duck pond, told Allan to watch the ducks, and took the photos of Allan for a feature article. I had forgotten I had not switched off the Crosstour, and it actually captured me taking some photos with my Olympus camera, so I used this clip right at the end of my film.
After talking to lecturer Kenny Leigh about the photos I took that day, which he said were a little overexposed, I can now see that the footage of Allan is similarly slightly too bright on his face. There was no direct sunlight that day and I had made sure I wasn’t filming into the light, but it shows that you can’t see – especially on a two-inch screen – how your shot will look until you get it to a monitor.
Back in college I used this ten-minute interview as the basis for my film story. I discarded some material that wasn’t relevant, then intercut and superimposed the clips of our trip to London. The sound on this footage is the weakest part as the wind is blowing, crows are cawing and the odd passer-by is coughing. But it’s a natural, unrehearsed interview in natural surroundings. A better audio would be gained if we each had a proper mic. We did it all in one take as it was a chilly day and Allan didn’t want to be sitting out any longer than needed. He was very obliging. I spotted that his eyes would travel up to me when I spoke, then down to the camera when he spoke, as I didn’t have anywhere to sit, so I was taller. We might bring a folding stool to eliminate that issue next time. Because I know Allan I can tell he’s actually smiling more than it appears on the footage.
While filming this look at disability access, I had opportunity to film some other people with disabilities, for instance in a motorized wheelchair or walking with a white cane. I did not want to be intrusive and did not look like I was filming them. Even though this film is about humanism, I decided it would be unethical to make a film on disability access and include some people with disabilities, without getting their permission and signed release forms. They might not welcome being shown if I put the film on YouTube. At one point in my book trailer film, we see a man with a white cane, walking smartly with two friends. He is obviously well integrated into society and well regarded, and he has no problems at that moment. So, I chose to leave him in shot as he indicates that my books often feature people with various disabilities.
Instead, if Allan wasn’t in shot, I tried to show how some place either was or was not accessible. I showed lengthy escalators and stairs, I showed myself handling a row of flint axes which would be good for vision impaired folks, I showed museum displays at low level and with lots of room to manoeuvre, and walked up to an automatic door which opened towards me.
I also needed to address the ethics of buying a film camera and travelling to London, in order to make student films. Kenny had cameras to borrow, but I wouldn’t bring a borrowed camera to London. He had said that he didn’t encourage students to buy expensive equipment they would not use after college, but the Crosstour option was very affordable. This camera is also very light on materials, packaging and carbon involved in delivery. I will get lots of use out of it in future years, including for the remainder of my course. The SD cards are re-usable and do not involve processing chemicals. The batteries are rechargeable. When electronic devices reach end of life, I recycle them correctly. I was not replacing an outdated camera.
Travelling does involve carbon use, especially by air. My husband and I decided that this would be our annual short break abroad and for the rest of the year we would drive around Ireland if we wanted a break. I offset carbon every day of the year and plant a tree every week as well as other carbon saving efforts such as protecting rainforest, through Carbon.org and Care2.com. Our luggage was kept to a minimum, since the filming equipment was so small. While in UK / London we used public transport. In this fashion we minimised our carbon emissions.
If I were to ask a graphic artist to make book trailers for me, I would have no guarantee that any less carbon would be spent to get a satisfactory result. And by using the college computers for this process I did not have to buy a separate computer in addition to our Windows ones, so this was an environmentally economical way to make the trailers.
I can also hope that the books, which provide entertainment with an environmental, economic and sociological message, will have a positive effect if they reach a wider readership. The film on disability access we are making at the same time may help people who need accessible venues and transport. I also blog most weeks on disability access and the trip allowed me to check out venues.
On balance, and given we live a low-carbon, low-waste lifestyle and offset carbon, using our annual holiday in this fashion seems to contain at least as many benefits as disadvantages.
Editing meant that I was able to mix scenes around in order, so they didn’t necessarily happen exactly as shown. This is where it was very helpful to have lots of footage. I had listened carefully to media lecturer Dragana Jurisic and she had told us things like how to pan slowly, hold the camera close to the body to reduce shake, the advantage of taking lots of little cutaway clips, and how to make good use of natural light. Her advice on filming was invaluable as I might take a clip of a minute or so and end up using a few seconds. If you run a lot of five second clips together you can get a nice film, but you need an awful lot of clips. I was also learning this from interacting with the other students who were making their films. Either something should be happening or there should be a voiceover or both. Music is good but the screen has to keep changing to keep attention. And rather than sit waiting, in a documentary, we should be shown the purpose of the filming.
I considered the viewer will accept filming from an odd angle or viewpoint if they are told early in the film that it is coming up, and why. So, I mentioned early in my script that I filmed some lower level shots to give the point of view of a person in a wheelchair, and superimposed just such a shot of grey trouser legs on a Tube platform. During the story I used a couple of seconds of the same legs to remind viewers of why they were seeing low level before shifting to another low level shot.
I included contrast like indoor and outdoor, close up and big view, to add richness and keep the viewer interested.
From early in my work I knew I would finish on the scene of Allan having tea in the Skygarden. It’s a lovely cheerful, detailed scene with beautiful light, and shows that he did gain a nice trip from walking through all those stairs and escalators. Even though this is a documentary, a film needs to tell a story, and this is a winning moment in our quest to have a nice break in London, despite the transport system not being set up for people with disabilities. So, this shot is out of chronological order, but it made the best finish for a film looking at humanism. We get enough depressing news.
I picked a graceful title format called Ribbon. As I get more familiar with FCP I learn how to speed up the work, for instance when you know the name of the title format desired, you can type it in a little low-down search box and you will be shown any that match. There are quite a lot of formats and it’s important to pick one that’s appropriate for the style of film. To unify the work I used the same format at start and end. I didn’t put any music at the start because there would be too great a contrast with Allan sitting still.
I wanted cheerful music and searched YouTube for cheerful summer music; I got a nice free modern tune and followed that with a tune of happy bagpipes which is perfect for Allan’s accent. Both musicians, Kevin MacLeod and Declan DP, said anyone was welcome to use the music in films.
(Hi lads! Thanks!) Using their formatting:
“Happy Scottish Bagpipes Background Instrumental | Royalty Free Music
You’re free to use this song and monetize your video, but you must include the following in your video description: Fiddles McGinty by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/…) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-… Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Declan DP – Coffee [No Copyright Music]
You are free to use this song in any of your videos, but you MUST credit the artist in your video description by copying the following: ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Music: Coffee by Declan DP https://soundcloud.com/declandp Video Link: https://youtu.be/pv1Nr31aShM License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/… “
One other thing I was looking for was relatively new or not much seen music, as I did not want to use music which everyone else had put in their videos. I was very pleased with these two. I did not want more than two as that would be potentially annoying. I used the same one first and last; in between, I used the alternative one without a change. This gave continuity. The Scots music was meant to focus mostly on Allan but the summer one was just as much focused on me. Dragana also helped me during editing by suggesting I should fade music in and out.
What I would do differently if I produced this again, is that to make the film more accessible to those with reduced hearing, and to help anyone who has trouble understanding Allan’s Scottish accent, I would look at how to insert subtitles. I don’t suppose it’s all that difficult but it would be time consuming and annoying for me. The text would have to coincide with the speech and I’d have to colour it according to who was speaking. I don’t think the FCP program would have as good a spill chucker* as Word, and the print in the typing window is tiny. Maybe there is a way to prepare a script in a word processor and insert it. I would invent something like that if I worked in the industry, for translations too. The text might also overlay on top of some lovely shots and spoil them or obscure the point of them. This might make editing more tricky. I didn’t have time this semester to look at subtitling but I could look at that next year if we make more films. I would also like to learn split screen and green screen work for documentaries as this would be invaluable for journalism around Dublin.
* Spill chucker is an author’s technical term for a spell checker.
Making the master file
When I had finally finished my 16 minute film I made a master file, having very carefully followed my notebook through the title screen, settings set to the compression format H264, which for some reason is not at the top of the list although it is the most useful, and sat back to wait for it to work. On Da Vinci Resolve this process is called rendering. The file was supposed to be being saved onto the portable hard disk but fell over at 50% and a message said Error 27. Final Cut Pro designers, this is no help. How am I supposed to know what error codes mean? Let alone 27 or more of them? I felt the disk and it was warm, so I moved it to a cooler part of the desk and asked for another master file. Slowly it worked and fell over at 50%. Error 27. I was last one in the room by then and this was our last class. Well, you know the definition of madness is doing the same thing repeatedly and expecting a different outcome. So I asked for the master file to be saved to the desktop. This time it worked bravely and took 30 minutes to produce.
Next, I found that the master file would not go into the terabyte drive. There was room for it, but the message I got was that the format of the drive would not support such a large file. Clearly this was what Error 27 was about. I realised that DOS is a very old operating system and when it was invented, we didn’t have giant media software files. We didn’t have colour monitors. Either Apple OS or MS OS on the drive would handle it but the drive was all DOS.
My only option was to put the file up on the cloud. I had been reading the news on a different computer while I waited, so as not to stress out the working Mac, and now I summoned up the magic of Google Cloud, to which we’d had to raise our subscription again with all the media storage, and sat back again to wait. The film took 50 minutes to upload. I was so glad when it went up. Google Cloud obviously compresses the file as it gets it, because it looked like 2GB up there, but next day at home I downloaded it to my own computer for safe backup storage and it occupied 8GB. 8GB is the total RAM available to that Mac. A media file is going to use an awful lot more RAM at once than a flat text file.
Although Allan had said I was welcome to do as I wished with the footage, I showed it to him before submitting the assignment. He wasn’t used to seeing himself being interviewed. Having viewed it a couple of times, he says he likes the film a lot. He’s already saying that if we do something similar next year, he’ll try to smile more – maybe I could bring photos of the cats to the park – and he’ll try to act like he’s one of the semi-professional vloggers on YouTube because he realises now that the interviewee should not be making any tiny movements. So he is getting interested too and I can see us doing more filming with the Crosstour over summer. This is a positive outcome for our family.
I analysed the existing YouTube SF book trailers to get a feel for the length they should be and what they should contain. Some trailers are still images superimposed on fancy or moving backgrounds, some models of spaceships and art of future soldiers, and others are action. Most contain book covers but that isn’t required once the title is supplied and viewers understand they can find the book on Amazon.
Many people don’t watch four book trailers back to back. But SF readers might, if they enjoy the first one. So I would provide the individual trailers and series trailer. As these are original films, the content won’t be found elsewhere.
Having seen the trailer for the first book, my first solo short film, Dragana wanted some narration to convey more background to the story but I knew that this wasn’t going to work, so I explained that book trailers are for readers and just contain text. She thought that viewers might not understand what space mines are or what Pluto going underground means. In general, I tend to think SF readers have a store of background knowledge from SF media and would pick up on this quickly, but of course, Young Adults won’t have read as much, and other viewers might become interested only after viewing a good trailer. So I could see her point and I added a few screens of story setup at the start. Dragana wondered if a flashback would help but in a minute of film there would be no time, and I wanted to keep a forward momentum.
Dragana also wanted some kind of beginning and resolution; given I can’t provide the end of the stories, because book trailers encourage readers to buy the book to find out the end, I thought of another option. I posed a question – “Is it possible to create a believable vision of the future – with aliens? Let’s ask some experts.” Then, each book of the series (four in all) has a different review quote after it, and I added a final review quote which I was lucky and honoured to have gained very recently. Author Jemima Pett who writes The Princelings Of The East fantasy series and science fiction, and who is a Londoner, had written this on Goodreads. I am hoping that by giving an answer from five authors through the trailer, I will have answered the question posed at the outset.
Jemima Pett’s Reviews > Dining Out with the Gas Giants, Feb 17 2019, Goodreads. Read by me Feb 18.
Imagery and editing
I had taken advice from Dragana about my storyboard: I showed City buildings a few scenes in and she suggested I put them at the start because I had just mentioned giant corporations. She was right because the London landmarks like 30 St Mary Axe, known as the Gherkin, makes for a big, eyecatching opening shot. I wasn’t allowed to film this scene with a tripod in the Skygarden so it shakes a little, but with luck people will mainly notice that the wide-angle lens I used has curved the tall buildings slightly. This should add to the impression that the world depicted is not quite the world they know. The building on the left is still being built taller so we can see these firms are prospering. I am sure editing software could reduce the shake but I’ve more learning time ahead of me. A newsflash runs onto the screen telling us that British Space Mines is Hiring!
And then we cut to a street level scene, traffic halted, with a red bus and builder’s truck as shoppers walk. The famous Nelson’s Column is lined up in the centre, framed by a road sign that points to the City and with a yellow – attention grabbing – poster about road closure for St Patrick’s Day. This poster represents the Irish community and protagonist, we see the ordinary people now, and I chose not to show moving traffic because I want the viewer to focus on what matters, which is the newsflash about a Mine Shuttle Accident. This is the engine driving my character’s actions, providing his background and giving him motivation.
In general, I wanted every scene to be in motion. Five reasons.
- Filming is a requirement of my module. If it’s a film, it can darn well move.
- Motion distinguishes the trailer from those made with photos or models and art.
- Each book is packed with purposeful motion; people walking, getting Tube trains, riding on RIBs across the Thames estuary, shuttles taking off and landing.
- Science fiction is about action: the future is fast-moving.
- Motion is emotion, as critic Mark Cousins says in Widescreen (2008, Wallflower Press).
The newsflashes provide added motion as well as richer content.
I analysed recent music videos on YouTube and noticed that jumps are getting closer together and you can make sense of a scene two seconds long. This gave me confidence to shorten scenes, keep motion in each scene and add newsflashes to most of them. Not all; sometimes there is enough going on and I don’t want a distraction, or the scene is too short.
Rapid contrast is another way I added richness. Indoor follows outdoor, framing through a window follows a landmark view, a big structure is succeeded by or replaces faces in a crowd.
Some scenes are particularly beautiful and interesting, and I leave them for two newsflashes. For instance, we are introduced to migrant workers by a scene of Chinatown near Leicester Square, with a variety of different-looking people walking through shot. Another instance is in a later book when we see a boat heading away from camera along the Thames. The viewer has time to settle in and notice the Shard on the right, a bridge in centre, Tower Bridge distantly ahead. The viewer gets two newsflashes and they may think they are waiting for the boat to pass under a bridge, which it does; actually they are waiting for the plane to fly over the Shard.
Every scene has to serve at least two purposes because they are condensing so much content. A book in one minute. So, the London Eye, which appears in each book trailer, represents London, time, and motion, but also London’s Eye the news zine. This is an ideally striking and recognisable image. The prettiest one is the view from the South Bank Centre; I was quite proud of myself to film almost into the sun and capture a camera flare or reflection too.
Individuals and diversity
People are also worth a look; I chose the few seconds of the Royal Opera House that we see because a distinguished gentleman of colour is just leaving. I got another great image of a street in the City where a larger gentleman is walking up to and past a smaller one, and this suggests a power struggle or imbalance. Each of these matched perfectly with a headline I had in mind. As in the books I tried to provide a good balance and diversity of people.
I chose a deliberately soft focus scene of a park with flowers because of the romantic headline; also this meeting takes place in a park and the character turns out not to be so pleasant, so I did not want any walker to be identified with her.
I include a tree trunk; this is very recognisably a London Plane tree for anyone who knows trees. The books all have an environmental theme, and this is picked up in the two clips of a climate change protest march. “A cast of thousands,” I commented to Dragana when she viewed it. This is one of my Dublin shots.
I don’t believe I use the same bit of footage twice, either in this film or between the two films, because: I made sure to film landmarks from different viewpoints; any time I use two parts of the same clip there is a different part on show each time (watch the details); and there is a degree of repetition in the start and end matter so I wanted to avoid other repetition. I needed to show three to eight minutes of original footage and I have easily complied.
The word punctum was coined by French philosopher and critic Roland Barthes. He uses the term to describe small details about people or scenes that may be noticed in a photograph and ‘puncture’ the scene or the viewer’s gaze. By filming ordinary people in London instead of actors, I captured details like a woman pushing up her sleeves as she walks, children with bright pink accessories, a person in red, or with blue hair, or drinking a bottle of water in a crowd, a man with a white cane walking smartly, the individuals mentioned earlier and the notice about St Patrick’s Day.
These items make the scene more eye-grabbing and rich, so the viewer may feel they have taken in a great deal of content in a short space of time. I really enjoyed looking through clips for the best details to feature in my scenes. Again, this was possible because I had taken a great deal of footage.
No dialogue in this film, but I have plenty of narration in the longer film. I needed music that suggested SF and was fast-paced. The intensity had to strengthen within a minute. I listened to quite a few.
Dragana had told us to pick music that had ‘no copyright’ or ‘free to use’ on it on YouTube and I found two themes fit the bill. Using their formatting:
“Ansia Orchestra – Hack The Planet [Epic/Cinematic/Orchestral][MFY – No Copyright Music]
You can to use and monetized this track by copying the following information into your description▼: ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ Music: Ansia Orchestra – Hack The Planet Link: https://youtu.be/fthcBrJY5eg Music provided by: MFY – No Copyright ▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲ ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
The Runner – Instrumental sci-fi Synth music. Royalty free music.
Published on Mar 21, 2017
For license information and more Royalty free music: https://soundtrackuniverse.com
Free Download: https://soundcloud.com/ansiaorchestra…
Soundtrackuniverse.com – Royalty free instrumental music to use in your games and videos. ”
I also found another tune I would like to use and cut a demo for practice, but it was unclear if this was free to use, so I requested clarity but have not heard anything. I was hoping, but as two months have elapsed and it’s time to submit the assignment, I’m giving up on it. All part of the learning process.
I made a series trailer using the free songs, two of each song, alternating. I will be happy to credit everyone, provide their links and any copyright or creative commons notices whenever the trailer goes up on YouTube, and I would happily link to the originally posted tracks too.
My lecturer James Mackin was kind enough to check that I knew a music artist might not want me to use their song if I publish a film, and I explained the situation at that time. I’m also in the extremely fortunate position of having a webmaster who would make such checks as a matter of course, but it’s still my responsibility.
Making the master file
This was a matter of getting each section right, or as close as I could, then putting them together and adding anything else needed. I am a detail freak and kept trying to improve the file before finishing. Still haven’t got it perfect, since there’s one thing FCP just refused to do for me, and probably more besides, but to err is human. Each short section had mastered easily and was stored, so I was not going to lose much if I did have a crash. The chapter method seems very practical and this meant the final file was not nerve-wracking. This one went onto the terabyte drive no problem. I had this film finished before completing the longer film, which repeatedly gave more trouble.
This has been entirely a college project to date and only my lecturers and husband have seen it, but they seem to like the film. I did put in a lot of extra hours, but the semester was short and I had no prior experience.
Never having had a film camera before, I am delighted with the Crosstour. I can see while editing and in the finished product which scenes were shot with that and which with the phone camera. I love the clarity and depth of field of the Crosstour. I was also able to film in places where you might not get footage with a big film camera, and as it’s so small people behaved normally around it. Allan did tell me that he spotted some people staring at me filming with a tiny camera and pink mini tripod. I guess even in London they haven’t seen many of these yet.
The streets I filmed and edited were in both films reflecting how I felt about that street. The steps were obstacles, not a way to make progress, for a person with mobility issues. The City or Chinatown streets featured scenes in my head from my books. This reflects the theory of another French thinker, Alexandre Anstruc. He called his concept le camera-stylo saying that the camera was like a pen to express the thoughts of the photographer or film maker. I have to agree that these two short films are very personal expressions of how I felt about those streets, and surprisingly, they are quite different in tone. I was concerned on Allan’s behalf when the effort of getting around was outweighing the advantages. I was thrilled to be giving a new medium to my book stories. Both in the same trip.
Maybe because I’m new to film production, I gained great value from having another set of eyes or ears on my work in progress. Another person would spot a tiny detail to correct or make a constructive suggestion, and I was determined I would be open to all advice. In turn I tried to help fellow students if they needed a fresh set of eyes. Authors often have an editor or proofreader for this exact reason. In Save The Cat (2005, Michael Wiese Productions) screenwriter Blake Snyder advocates getting fresh thoughts from people not involved in a project. This is reiterated in The Guerilla Film-Maker’s Pocketbook by Chris Jones, Genevieve Joliffe and Andres Zinnes (2010, Bloomsbury Academic), which I once more heartily recommend.
At this point I wish to thank everyone who participated in preparation, filming and post-production with me. Whether they were in shot or gave advice or helped with technical stuff or just laid eyes on my films, I gained immeasurably from listening to their words or observing their reactions. Thanks again to the artists who make music available to students for free, and thanks to vloggers who demonstrate how to use cameras. Mostly I need to thank my lecturers and my husband, so take a bow, folks, and let me throw some flowers at you. I’ll be back for more next year.
All photos (c) Clare O’Beara.
You may also be interested in:
Music for interview / accessible London film
I checked out YouTube for suitable copyright free or creative commons licence music.
YouTube to mp3 converter site – safe so far but block all popups and X extra pages. MalwareBytes does not like this site. Any malware can’t get past the college servers but at home I am dependent on our own resources.
Happy Scottish music
“You’re free to use this song and monetize your video, but you must include the following in your video description:
Fiddles McGinty by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/…)
Artist: http://incompetech.com/ “
Light music (Sky garden views and around town)
About the license:
You’re free to use this copyright free happy summer background music in any of your videos, but you must include the following in your video description (Copy & Paste):
Coffee by Declan DP: https://soundcloud.com/declandp/coffee
Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)
Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg
At this point, sorry, I am writing down the bad stuff so as to keep it separate from the happy moments which are in the next post. Feel free to skip.
The first problem is that the Macs keep crashing or freezing. They either crash or freeze every class, whether using Photoshop or Final Cut Pro. If the Mac crashes I have perhaps lost all my work. I lost half a days’s film making. I am not suggesting that all Macs do this. I am not familiar with Apple products and don’t use any other Macs. The problem is not confined to me. My lecturer suggested the OS might need updating.
The next issue is that we are using Final Cut Pro 10. Also known as Final Cut Pro X. The programme is fine and fun to use but the Help section on it bears no relation to reality. The book I got from the College Library is for Final Cut Pro 7 and has little resemblance to the programme I am using. All it wants to do is teach keyboard shortcuts (which I have not used much since a Windows 80386) when I would rather use dropdown menus and a mouse, and it presumes you are storing all your film clips permanently on the computer hard drive. Googling the answers does not always provide any useful answers, and most of them are aimed at version 7.
I spent an hour sitting there on my own one day just trying every menu and tool, to see what they did and to find a way to save my file without finishing it. I finally got to the bendy arrow on the mid-right of the screen which gave me the option Save As. This was not described in the help section or the book. But this doesn’t always work. Some days it gives the options you need and some days it doesn’t.
Saving can take anything from a minute to forty minutes.
I found that a two minute film took twenty minutes to upload to Google Drive. And it used two gigabytes. The Google Drive is only 15 gig on the free version, and I have stored lots of clips on it. We paid for more storage space as a family, because I am clearly going to need it, and my husband and I spent a weekend clearing any bad or duplicate photos etc. out of our existing space.
Because of this downloading /uploading time I was advised to bring in a terabyte hard drive, USB 3, which could be formatted to work with the Macs. Our drives are all formatted for Windows OS and don’t talk to Mac OS.
I brought in a spare terabyte hard drive, and lecturer Kenny Leigh checked that there was nothing of value on it – it was for backups of backups – and reformatted it for DOS. I remember using DOS on the 80386 Microsoft computer. Kenny explained that DOS is earlier than Windows OS or Mac OS (like a parent of them) so both of them will talk to it and I can transfer files from the Macs to my Win 10 that way. We named the drive with my name (which I also wrote on a label) and it works much more quickly than a flashdrive. Another student brought in a drive with work on it and that had to be partitioned by one of the IT staff before the partitioned part could be formatted to DOS. We just don’t use Macs, by and large.
However, I still had the problem of the computer crashing and the long delays before I could save my work to the drive. The FCP makers didn’t seem to care about students who did not own the computer and had to take their work off it each time. Also we never knew when to start saving and might have to go on to another class. While the lecturers were great, and let students sit in for extra time, they had other classes to go to and couldn’t always be around.
Another student told me about DaVinci Resolve, a free film making program which she was able to run on her Mac laptop. I downloaded the Windows version to my Win 10 at home, but when I imported a small clip and tried to run it, the program crashed. Macs are just made for processing power it seems.
I had the experience of finishing up when the rest of the class had gone and waiting forty minutes for my rough cut of a twenty minute film to save. It would not go in to the hard drive so I was saving it to the desktop. Then when it was on the desktop I tried to put it into the drive and was told the Quicktime file was a format the drive did not like. So I asked Quicktime to put it into an MP4 format. Quicktime was doing that for 16 minutes and had nearly finished when the computer crashed. It came back up with no sign of my file. I was already late for an appointment and had been texting to explain my absence, so I had no option but to go. I came back the next day but the Mac had been wiped.
I introduced myself to a lecturer who is not my lecturer, Matthew Nolan, while going for extra time to redo the rough cut I had lost, and as he seemed to know what he was doing I asked him how to save my file safely while in progress or uncompleted. He thought there should be an option on the FCP but there wasn’t, or not a clear one. The program does make incremental saves while working but that is no use if I can’t take them off. Matthew went and Googled it and told me to watch a YouTube video which would show me how to set up my hard drive as the library the programme used. In other words the file would be opened using material drawn from the drive; and every file save made while working would be saved onto the drive. I would be just using the Mac as a processing tool.
This was a very helpful video and easy to follow.
Then I asked how to get the file work I was doing, on to the drive library. Matthew said he’d seen that in the YouTube list as well and I should ask YT for exactly what I wanted to do. Up came a video. This was also very helpful and demonstrated exactly what I had to do. I had to mouse-drag the file (at the top of media clips with the clapperboard icon) into the library on the left and store the library on the disc.
Another issue is saving the finished file. The FCP files in production are not viewable by any other program. To resolve this we have to save them in another format. The computer will put them into a format that can be shown by Quicktime, something else I have never used. But I discovered that just because it’s in Quicktime that doesn’t necessarily mean my computer at home can view it. They can all be called .mov so this is not helpful.
When ‘sharing’ – why can’t they call it saving? I am not sharing it – our film lecturer Dragana Jurisic says I have to ask for a master file, name it, go to Settings and ask for H264. It seems pointless that there are many other options it will default to, when none of them seem to be useful. Surely the most useful one should be the default. I’m a logical thinker. But this has tripped me and others up when we think we have saved our work only to find the file is a dud. With a two minute file that doesn’t matter much.
A clue is that the non-H264 files take longer to be made and are more likely to freeze the program or crash the computer. A quick check on Google tells me “An H264 file is a video file encoded with H.264 compression, which is a popular format for high definition video.”
Today the FCP froze while 75% of the way to saving my 11 minute master file. Dragana gave up on it after a while and used Find and Command to do a ‘force quit’ – I have tried before and there is no Control-Alt-Delete. When FCP went away, Dragana brought it back up again and it still had my file because she had not shut down the computer. We were able to remake a master file which saved more quickly, right onto my hard drive. However I was unable to view it all in class time as I had to go to another class, and at home I found an issue which still needs resolving in my film. When you are not able to be sure what will be saved or in how long, it can be very hard to import the right material, cut it, and have it ready to go in limited time. The partially made film saves are on my hard drive with early incarnations so it is not that easy to find what I need.
I found I just have to keep on taking notes, including the odd drawing. When I get one film class a week I have generally forgotten exactly where I left off or how to do things. I sit down at the program and it takes me a few minutes to get in the swing of it. However, during class time there is a lecturer available to ask for help, and I am also able to give occasional help to other students, because I have determinedly written everything down as I went. This is supposed to be a ‘paperless class’ but I have to say, even a sheet I could print off with the step by step basic guide to FCP 10 and what screens and tools should look like, would be most useful. Calling it a paperless class means the younger students don’t think they need to note anything, or don’t have note taking materials to hand, and there isn’t any alternative provided. Whereas I’ve got multiple notebooks.
Features lecturer James Mackin (another Apple user) shared a link with me to a series of videos showing how to use various features of FCP 10, and I am going through them as I get the chance. I am finding that the visual tutorial is far more helpful than a book. From talking to Matthew and James I understand that some FCP users prefer the 7 version or the 10 version, but Apple has stopped supporting the 7 version.
Sorry about the complaints. I took steps to discover the source of problems and reduce the likelihood of reoccurrence, as you’ll see in the next post. I don’t even want to add links or photos because just reading this back today is depressing me.
You may also be interested in:
Filming in London
The Shard, London by Clare O’Beara
Before heading to London, I had made exactly one short film, a few minutes long, which I filmed; and co-produced with two students in my class, who acted. This was great fun and worked well. We used a student’s phone.
One of our lessons was to make a storyboard which is a drawn version of the story, in boxes shaped like the screen. I had to draw out what I thought my London filming might look like and any captions or dialogue should be shown.
I had made a series of clips of spring in St. Stephen’s Green and ran them together (our earliest film exercise with no story or actors) so I experimented with Final Cut Pro. I managed to overlay titles and newsflashes on this gentle scene to resemble what I could do with my London filming for book trailers. When I combined this exercise with the storyboard I was able to get a good idea of what I would need to do. This also allowed my lecturer to make suggestions.
I was making two films – my science fiction book trailers and a documentary on disability access.
We booked a basic hotel in Ealing and Ryanair flights to Stansted during Reading Week in February. I had not had much time to get used to the Crosstour action camera, just one morning filming ducks in the park. To keep me going while on the move, I bought a battery pack called a powerbank. This has USB ports and each morning I set out with the two camera batteries, Samsung phone and the powerbank fully charged. When a battery ran low I would swap it for the one in my backpack which charged happily from the powerbank as I walked. I could also charge the phone that way. I had my mini tripod which could be used with my phone or the camera.
I had read The Guerilla Filmmaker’s Pocketbook, which I thoroughly recommend. This advised me to make a call sheet. This is a list of what scenes you need to film, where, timing, and routes to take between locations. We made this at home over a couple of evenings, using Google maps and the Tube map. Following our call sheet saved time and debate each day. The only time we didn’t follow it exactly, we just had extra walking. I had scheduled one lengthy series of activities for ‘First Fine Day’; as it happened we reached London on the warmest winter day ever recorded in the UK.
We didn’t like to film in the airport but got some footage on the Stansted Express and in Liverpool Street Station. Allan my husband gets tired after travelling, so we did not do much after getting some footage in Ealing and checking in to the hotel that afternoon. The next day was a glorious warm day – turned out to beat the previous day’s record – so we set off for the fine day call sheet.
First Day’s Filming
We went straight on the Tube to the City where we went to Fenchurch Street and a building known as the Walkie Talkie. On top is the Sky Garden. We queued with other tourists for a security scan before the fast lift. The top had a café and seating and glassed balconies for the 360 degree views. I did lots of filming but was not allowed to use the tripod on the balcony, in case I used it as a selfie stick I was told, selfie sticks being banned. We could see the grey-yellow smog of traffic fumes sitting down over the streets. Allan enjoyed the view and lunch. We did comment that the potato and leek soup was a bit watery; of course, we were captive purchasers unless we wanted to go down early.
I was carrying my backpack with a folder of call sheets and notepad, the camera and battery bag and the tripod, plus my Kindle. My phone was in my front waistcoat pocket, and I was being careful not to be pickpocketed or to leave anything out of my hand for a moment. Each day I was also taking photos with an eye to making book covers.
After lunch, Allan decided that his legs had had enough (and the smog was causing asthma) and he just wanted a sit down, so I left him in a City café and went off to the nearby Museum of London. I only had time to see a portion of it, but the entry is free and it is very accessible. I filmed some of the displays, and myself handling stone axeheads and flint nodules. Then I went on past St Paul’s Cathedral across the Thames, following a route we’d worked out for the sheet. We knew there was no point in going to Westminster as the Houses of Parliament are under scaffolding and plastic. I got all my shots – the London Eye was the big one, to represent London’s Eye the news zine in my books – and met up with Allan again.
At this point I need to record that I filled up my camera’s Sandisk SD card. We hadn’t known how much it would take but I had brought the packet so we could buy another one exactly the same. Allan spotted an Argos store in the City and said that would be a good place to get one. We went in and immediately saw a big poster advertising Sandisk SD cards. Clearly every tourist was doing what we were doing. I produced the original packet and we got the second card.
We ate our evening meals in Ealing as this left us a short bus-ride from our hotel. Prices here are also more reasonable than the city centre. We further economised by having packs of fruit juice and breakfast biscuits with the in-room coffee each morning, and not paying for wi-fi access. Most pubs and museums give free wi-fi.
We started each day by recording a sit-down intro in the hotel but I was not sure if I would use these or not. I just knew I needed different kinds of footage, and the more I had the more I could work with when we returned home. I was also using the time to get familiar with my camera. This kept us both attuned to the fact that we were here to film as well as having a short break.
Second Day’s Filming
The next day Allan said he was tired and would prefer to take it easy. I agreed that this was also something to report in the documentary – people with health conditions and on medications can’t do as much as fully healthy people. Allan was thus given the task of checking us in to Ryanair and printing out boarding passes. He said he would get his lunch in Ealing and enjoy the day.
That day started out with a grey overcast and as I travelled the weather turned to chilly rain. I followed my second day’s call sheet and went on the Docklands Light Railway to Greenwich via Canary Wharf. I got a nice shot of Cutty Sark and some of the Tower of London and Tower Bridge, including just filming the people, but what was most on my mind was lunch in the Maritime Museum.
At the Maritime Museum, which we’ve visited previously, I asked the lady at reception about disability access, explaining that I was a film student. I thought that saying journalism student might give the impression that I was looking for problems. I asked if she would mind my setting up a little camera and recording an interview but she asked me not to record. I was told that two of the lifts were out of order that day but otherwise access was good and a wheelchair user could get around easily. Large print information sheets and magnifying glasses were available to borrow. I asked if there was anything blind visitors can handle and was told there is a tour for blind people, who get extra handling rights.
I had lunch which was hot soup and bread and coffee, then did some filming around the museum. Then it was time to brave the weather which had turned very cold and wet; lulled into a false sense of security I’d left my heavier jacket at the hotel. I had to choose between pressing on to see the Dome, a twenty minute walk or a bus ride each way, and leaving it. As the light was dropping fast I decided I would have to leave it.
That evening I was starting to feel the effects of a couple of days of sightseeing and concentration. For three days I couldn’t go up a flight of steps or escalator in the Tube without whipping out a phone to film some footage. I had become adept at finding something to place my mini tripod on to film the street with the Crosstour. No litter bin or bench escaped my notice. I was happy to include medium low level shots, as this mimics what a wheelchair user sees. We relaxed over dinner and got an early night.
Each night in the hotel I sat reading my Kindle while all our phones and batteries and power bank charged. We had brought two plugs with USB ports and cables to charge the gadgets, and I swopped them over until everything was full but the Kindles, which I then charged overnight.
Third Day’s Filming
On the final day we packed, ate breakfast and checked out. Then we followed the call sheet by heading to Covent Garden for more filming and as the weather had improved I got some lovely street shots. I was looking out for specific items like the Royal Opera House and had noted these on the call sheets. We had lunch in Itsu which is healthy fast food; I had miso soup and a satay chicken salad wrap. Again I left Allan seated and went off to gather more footage; this time I got Leicester Square and nearby Chinatown’s restaurants, and Trafalgar Square where I was just lucky to spot a poster announcing street closure for the St Patrick’s Day parade. “Yes!” I said and filmed it. I knew it would stand in for my Irish character and one book does actually cover St Patrick’s Day in Trafalgar Square, which I made sure to get in the background. We headed to Liverpool Street again, having planned this day to be close to the station.
That evening we ate dinner at the airport, then had a delayed flight as a plane went on fire on the runway, and Stansted only has one runway. We got home at two in the morning. The cats were pleased to see us.
The next day I started to look at my footage, a journey of discovery. If I were to go again, I would be more au fait with the camera and I would know that the tiny squeak of the plastic feet on the tripod being moved, gets picked up by the onboard mic. I would probably bring a tiny tool to stop my nails getting broken by opening the tiny doors on the camera to get batteries and the disk in and out. However, I think that having nothing else to do but concentrate on filming for a few days was a fantastic way to learn. I am also highly impressed by this camera technology. This was so lightweight that I could travel easily around London and make the films I wanted to make. I recommend the Crosstour Action Camera and The Guerilla Filmmaker’s Pocketbook to any film maker.
All photos taken by Clare O’Beara 2019.
You may also be interested in:
College Multimedia Podcast
Write a proposal for podcast. See below.
Podcast – record interviews. Make running order, script, and research sound effects and music. 8 minutes to 60 mins.
Proposal: who why what when where how. Detailed on subject matter, length, people involved, purpose, why it’s of interest.
Write up a transcript of interviews.
Preproduction. Outline story. Identify key scenes and characters. Length. Sound effects.
At least 8 mins. – 52 mins. Write script. Identify speakers. Recording programmes Audacity – good for PCs. Freesound.org. Sound samples.
I propose to create a podcast based on an outside broadcast at a science fiction convention. This convention, Octocon, was held at the Crowne Plaza hotel in Blanchardstown in October 2018. Next year the organisers are hosting the Worldcon in the National Convention Centre. This podcast would help gain publicity and it would be of interest to all those overseas fans who will be attending. The attendance has been capped at 5,400 because this is the limit the centre can hold.
Equipment: Samsung phone and notebook, two pens.
Membership of the convention.
My van to drive to the Crowne Plaza Hotel, Blanchardstown, two days running.
After the event
I have interviewed a variety of people attending Octocon. While I tried to get quiet areas, this wasn’t always possible, but background sounds testify to this being an outside broadcast.
Sound effects could potentially include:
- Clips from NASA, such as a space launch countdown and JFK announcing that America was going to reach the moon.
- Spacecraft sound effects
- Computer sounds
- Robotic voice
- Tardis materialising
- Beaming down
- Ethereal music like fairies
- Cackling like witches
Music could include related songs or theme tunes, ideally creative commons licence. NASA has one about water on the moon. The amount of music I will use will be determined by the length of the rest of the content.
Last Microt music available on YouTube for free use
Einstein-Rosen short film soundtrack (Spanish – not ideal) from the Golden Blasters Awards.
I have seven interviewees and they were all delighted to help with my student project. Either they agreed to come with me at once or they set up a time with me which was convenient for them. I found that if someone agreed to be interviewed but did not immediately do either of these, they did not see the interview as important to them and were not really interested. I did not pursue those people as I thought they would not come across well and I would be trying to edit a lot to get something usable.
I told each person that I would like five or six minutes and it would be edited to three or four. While I began by introducing the person and saying where we were, I knew I would not need the repetition in the finished podcast. But I would do this again, for clarity when sorting through recordings, and because it gave me something to trim. I found some of the interviewees spoke differently once they had relaxed into the chat and their voice and words were more fluid. Again, at the end of each clip I said goodbye and thanked them as a courtesy but I did not need to use all this.
While I tried to get each person into a quiet room there were not many really quiet spaces and therefore I made a note of where the person was when I met them and often said in the podcast that this was where we were – the dealer room or party etc. This gives a nice third dimension to the podcast, as if I am bringing the listener around a building.
I used my phone placed on a level table and wrote in my notebook who the person was, how to spell their name, what they were doing and the number of the interview according to the phone.
Dr Edmund Schluessel – author, assisting at front desk
Peadar O’Guilean – author, in between panels
Eris Byrne – Young Adult reader, attendee, party
Sakura – Con organiser, at nerve centre
C.E. Murphy – author, in dealer room
Liz Bourke – author and critic, in dealer room
Eileen Gormley – author, attendee, between panels
When I transcribed the conversations I noticed that the issue of the representation of women arose frequently and spontaneously. This might not even be a deliberate reference but was shown by a main character being female in a book written by a male author. Because of this I decided to trim the conversations to focus on this element and tell a story about the past and present of women and feminism in science fiction and fantasy.
Dr Edmund Schluessel from Finland and USA. He was a volunteer helping to staff the front desk. Voice 003.
Edmund: Hi, I’m Doctor Edmund Schluessel. I’m Badge No 114. This is my second time attending Octocon. I live in Finland but I enjoy attending conventions all over Europe. I’m at the front desk today because I volunteered to help out at the convention. I’ve been trying to become more active in supporting these conventions which I enjoy so much. I attended a number of them when I was living in the United States and I enjoyed assisting at them when I was living in the United Kingdom. And now that I have a decent job and the chance to get out around the world, I figure I should take the opportunity to help build this kind of society.
Clare: That’s fantastic. And what kind of science fiction do you enjoy personally?
Edmund: Well, I’m both a reader and a writer. I love reading a lot of the old school science fiction. I love the sense of wonder and sense of boldness but I also recognise that there’s a lot of limitations from that period because the political ideas about for example feminism were not as established or developed, so what I try to write is something that brings that kind of sensibility into the modern age.
Clare. Okay, and the Cold War of course would have been strong at the time of the Golden Age, so do you see now more push for space exploration or cyber space or what do you see?
Edmund: (01.36) Well, in the Golden Age you had a couple of writers who were very much ideologically invested in the Cold war. For example Robert Heinlein’s entire philosophy was centred in this semi-libertine even semi-fascistic world view based in conflict rather than collaboration. Now that the environment is front and centre in our minds, we see the importance of a more cooperative society, and I think there is a growing realisation that a society based on co-operation is what is going to be necessary for any kind of space travel, space development or any kind of civilisation on Earth to persist.
Clare: (2.20) That’s certainly a very good point. We’ve got SpaceX coming to the fore now and it seems to be working hard, but obviously it’s building on the shoulders of the giants who came before.
Edmund: Not just in terms of philosophy but many of them are using Soviet made engines, or basing their plans on the follow-ups to the shuttle that were abandoned. While you can have great marketing done by people like Jeff Bezos or Elon Musk, there’s very little steak under that sizzle. You have SpaceX consistently falling behind its schedule and lost other projects like hyperloop or the consumer affordable electric car simply not appearing. While we may have the space tourism again for the first time in a few months, this is only going to be available to a very very small section of the population and we still are no closer to permanent human presence in space.
Clare (03.24) The first journalist in space was a Japanese gentleman. Do you see the Eastern nations coming forward in this race?
Edmund: (03.13) Well, I think it’s very significant that the first discovery of permanent water deposits on the moon, and I think this was not given near enough recognition, came from the Indian space agency.
Edmund: We know that the People’s Republic of China has a very deliberate and very structured programme where they’re carrying out very few launches and not giving a lot of publicity to the launches that they’re doing, but where they have, where they know exactly what their goals are and they’re sticking exactly to the schedule that they planned, so I think a long term idea, a Chinese space station is going to be happening in the next couple of years.
Clare: And we’ve recently seen Japanese, two robots hitting off an asteroid wasn’t it, and bouncing around on it.
Edmund: Yes, the little bouncing ones.
Clare: Yes, terrific, hopping.
Edmund: And I think this explosion in space exploration in Japan, China and India is really setting the tone. Because we have to remember that in South East Asia that’s more than half the world’s population and always has been. One might even start to wonder if the centre of mass of humanity is beginning to shift back toward East Asia after a fairly brief, historically speaking, period of the Earth imbalance.
Clare: And I personally think that the rush to space is going to be about the asteroids and mining for rare earth elements and precious metals. What would you say to that?
Edmund: (04.55) Well I think definitely, in fact I’ve got a story in circulation right now that concerns exactly that. Now the paintings, the vision we got from the 1950s was largely of things like moon bases, Mars colonies; but the resources are much more available in the asteroids. And the energetics are simply much more friendly when we’re talking about the Trojan asteroids or near earth asteroids, so that is where the future lies, yes.
Clare: (5.26) Glad to hear that because my science fiction assumes that we are mining the asteroids. The further asteroids towards Jupiter are mostly made of ice but that gives us a source of water with which to supply mining operations on the nearer asteroids. We’ll have to see how that one pans out. But I think we’ll be seeing something fairly soon. Okay, do you have any further comments on the convention?
Edmund: (05.55) Well, it’s been an excellent convention so far. It’s a shame I’m going to have cut things short a bit because I need to go back home, I need to get back to work. But I plan to come back next year.
Clare: We’ll be delighted to see you because next year is World Con.
Clare: Well thanks very much Edmund. Delighted to have you today.
Edmund: Cheers. (06.11)
Peadar O’Guilean Voice 004 (His name is spelt differently whether in Irish or English.)
C: I’m here with Peadar and he’s going to tell us who he is and what he’s doing at the convention.
P: Hi, my name is Peadar O’Guilean and I’m a writer of YA, my first book, well my most recent, well, my book The Call, I usually describe it as Harry Potter where everybody dies. It’s inappropriate YA. It’s a scary adventure in which teenagers are hunted down by the Sidhe.
C: Well that does sound dramatic. Can you tell us where you’re from? 0.35
P: Usually when people ask me that question I say Donegal. I wasn’t born there, I was born in Cork. But Donegal is kind of where my formative years were and my adolescence was so in terms of Gaelic football I support the Donegal team. So that’s where I consider myself from.
C: Well this will definitely have informed your writing.
P: Very much so, in fact the main character of The Call, Nessa, is from Donegal. She and her friend start the book in Letterkenny, the town I grew up in, and they take a journey very similar to a journey I had to take when I was their age. 01.10
C: And you were telling us on a panel yesterday that the Sidhe return and they start to revenge for years of colonisation by people into their land. So how does that work in a YA book? Is that not too terrifying?
P: Well, I think it’s perfect for a YA book. I think, you know young adults like things to be intense. Their parents – The Call has a lot of reviews saying I really really liked this book, but no teenager should read it. And that’s absolutely the wrong way around. Teenagers like things to be intense.
C: Well yes, look at The Hunger Games.
P: Look at The Hunger Games. 01.54 They like excitement, they like adventure. It’s only parents who worry, oh my god, my poor little Jimmy or Jenny, they’re going to be so traumatised by this whereas Jimmy and Jenny would really like it.
C: 02.11 That’s certainly something to take on board. And I hope that there are other restrictions in the book, for instance nobody is shown let’s say cutting throats or smoking or swearing. What do you include?
P: There’s smoking, there is the cutting of throats, there is swearing, they are all in the book, yes.
C: (laughs) Okay, do you have any gentler fiction? 02.34
P: I do have short stories which could be classed more as creepy rather than violent, more kind of quiet horror. My novels or the ones I’ve published so far, tend to be adventure stories so there is a bit of fighting and running around in them.
C: And you have strong environmental concerns I understand. 02.57
P: Yes I have written a lot of, for example my very first novel, The Inferior, which is out of print unfortunately, is written from the point of view of cannibals. And it seems like a violent science fiction story, set on another planet, lots of aliens, things like that, but in the background all the time is the idea of sustainability. Or lack thereof. I also have a short story called ‘Heartless’ which, which did very well when it came out, and has been podcast several times by different people, and on the surface it’s a fantasy story about magic, and people who need magic to live, and so on, but if you listen to the story or read it, it’s very very obviously a story about you know sustainability yet again and how we ignore our use of vital resources and always concentrate on immediate concerns and leaving aside long term concerns.
C: 04.08 Okay, So you’re a regular at Octocon and a regular panellist as well as attender. What do you think of this year’s convention?
P: It’s very interesting. It’s the first year in a long long time that we’ve been outside the city centre. It must be very hard for people who live in the city centre to get out here, for me it was very easy. The venue is much nicer to be honest, the rooms are sort of semi glamorous, the food is probably a little better, we’ve access to lots of nice facilities. I like it but access must be hard for those in the city centre.
C: And it’s close to the airport, perhaps that would help those who are flying in.
P: Absolutely. It would be no more expensive to get here in a taxi than to get into town in a taxi. I don’t know about bus transport from the airport however.
C: Okay, well, that’s terrific, Peadar, thanks very much for talking to me today.
P: Thank you very much. 05.03
C: I’m here at Octocon with CE Murphy who is a prolific author as far as I can see.
CE: I am.
C: And also a baker.
CE: I am that too.
C: Please tell me more about yourself.
CE: I am, I was born and raised in Alaska 0.15 I came to Ireland thirteen years ago. I have Irish roots, as you might guess with a last name like Murphy, but then half of America does, so. I read science fiction and fantasy; I have been doing that much of my life and I have been a published author thirteen or fourteen years now, and so I come to Octocon every year to sell books and the last few years to sell jam, because I make a lot of jam, and just to see people and be part of the community.
C: That terrific, so have you been on any panels?
CE: I have been this year, I’ve been on a creator who owns the work for hire, that’s it, 1.00 work for hire projects and who owns your ideas and how you work with a company whose characters belong to them, it was very interesting. We had a good time on that. And today or not today, yesterday also, I had a panel on, or the day before, on whose canon is it anyway. That could have been a fractious panel 1.22 but we were inclined to agree as a whole that fandom does not belong to any one person or any one interpretation of a story or a movie or a film or tv. There’s a lot of room for people to like the aspects of it that they like. 1.44
C: That’s it. And do some people choose to go to cons and just you know accumulate the jewellery, the artwork, fringe benefits you could say of being a fan.
CE: Absolutely, there’s all kinds, all kinds of creative people who attend conventions and they do artwork, they do jewellery, they write books, and almost anything that you can think of. And because so many of them are fans themselves they do things that are related to fandom so you might be able to get something. I have, I got last year a necklace, it’s X-men Gambit, cards and hearts, and Gambit is one of my favourite X-men and those are two things that are symbolic to that character. I was delighted, oho look what I got! 2.37 So it’s a great thing that you can get little unique bits that you wouldn’t necessarily see in another situation.
C: That sounds brilliant. So tell me, you’re an author and what exactly are you writing now?
CE: At this very red hot moment in time I am working on a new cosy mystery series, which will be set in Ireland, it’s about an American who has come to live in Ireland. 3.00 She drives limousines and drives herself into murder mystery stories. As you do.
CE: So that’s what I’m working on right now, but those won’t be out until 2020.
C: Okay, so what’s your previous work?
CE: The thing that I have just released is Redeemer 3.14 which is sort of Buffy the vampire slayer meets Agent Carter. It set in 1945, it’s urban fantasy and the second world war has just ended, the boys are coming home from war and monsters are coming with them.
C: Times of chaos.
CE: Yes but there’s so much change in it, so much social commentary that could be made, about women trying to find their place; and honestly what I wanted to do with it was set a story far enough in the past to seem like history but close enough that its details could really comment on and reflect the world that we’re currently living in. 3.59
C: Plenty of research.
CE: Oh it was great though, I had pages and pages, I spent hours and hours learning the slang of the era, it’s set in Detroit, I assumed that Detroit had a bus system, at the last moment I found out that Detroit had a tram system, the whole book had to change. (laughs) Detroit had an amazing tram system and then the car industry killed it. So just little things like that. 4.29
C: I think of Detroit as Motown.
CE: Absolutely, absolutely. Lots of little things in researching you learn that you had no idea about so that’s a lot of fun to do.
C: Fantastic. Are you producing these books yourselves or what publisher are you with?
CE: Some of both, my cosy mysteries will be coming out from Kensington and I have worked with Harlequin and DelRay. Redeemer the new book is a self-publish project. The great advantage to that is I get exactly what I wanted and the cover for it is amazing! (laughs)
C: Yes, a big advantage.
CE: So it’s fun to be able to do both.
C: Do you pick the artists that you work with?
CE: I have about four artists that I work with that do a wide variety of 5.12 different kinds of styles. I have one who does all my urban fantasy art. Her name is Terra O’Shea and she’s brilliant. I have an artist who lives in Macedonia who has done my young adult covers.
C: Oh I love the one about the fisherman.
CE: Yes, that’s Sea Master and that’s my Macedonian, Alexander is his name and there’s one in Italy who does my romance covers, so I just go all over the place, it’s pretty cool.
C: Okay, that’s terrific, and I wish you the very best of luck.
CE: Thank you.
C: Thanks for being with me. 5.48
Sakura (she asked me not to use her surname)
C: I’m at Octocon with Sakura, who is an organiser and she’s going to tell me about what she’s doing here.
S: I’m Sakura, I’m from Dublin, originally from Philippines but I’ve been here long enough, and I am a volunteer manager for Octocon.
C: Terrific. Have you done this kind of volunteer work before?
S: I have. I’ve been doing it since 2012 and started with me as a normal gofer volunteer for Earthcon – [noises off] 0.40 and then from there the next year after that I was assistant panels officer and then once I did that I was promoted to panels officer the year after that and then I became guest liaison officer and did a bunch of stuff.
C: Okay. Do you find it’s a good way to meet people just generally?
S: 1.00 Yes, I have this thing that I call the anime con, well, they’re my con family, so Earthcon was an anime con, the staff there the committee there they became my friends and even closer than that, and then the same here with Octocon, I became friends with all the committee members, the staffers, and I now have this con family that I get to meet once a year. 0.26
C: Fantastic. So what kind of science fiction or fantasy do you enjoy?
S: I’m not really a science fiction fantasy person but I do read a lot, I am a big Harry Potter fan.
C: We all are.
S: I grew up with Harry Potter; so, Doctor Who, I just got into Doctor Who about 1.45 four or five years ago. Doctor Who didn’t exist in the Philippines so I didn’t know about it until I was here in Ireland. And I didn’t really hear about it until I was actually in America doing a semester and my room mate there was a Doctor Who fan.
S: So it’s a weird way of hearing things.
C: It is, go to America. (laughs) When you started getting into Doctor Who what appealed to you?
S: I think it’s just you know, the first time, the very first Doctor Who that I ever saw was accidentally a Christmas special with David Tennent, and it was weird because it’s the one with the Space Titanic. And I was like, that’s a weird thing, is that Doctor Who? And then I went to America and my room mate was like, Oh it’s really brilliant, and she was always up on time on a Saturday morning already watching it. And then I came back and people were talking about Doctor Who so I was okay, I need to know what’s going on. And I started watching it. And I watched the first season with Chris Eccleston and I was, this is interesting. 3.02 And it’s just very different from what I’m usually watching. So I thought okay, let’s give this a go. And five or six seasons later I thought –
S: What did I do with my life, I just spent two weeks watching five seasons.
C: So what do you think of a female Doctor? Is it a good or a bad idea?
S: I think it’s a great idea. If you think about the history of the series, which is 03.35 fifty odd years now, it’s about time.
C: I agree completely. And it also reflects the changes in society.
S: Yes. And it shows that you know the Doctor is a title, it’s not something you know it doesn’t define your gender. So the Doctor can be whoever we want the Doctor to be.
C: Okay, and would you see a possibility of a Filipina Doctor in the future?
S: I would love to see that. Granted Doctor Who is not a thing in the Philippines, we’ve never heard of it. But I think now that we have a female Doctor I think a Doctor of colour is the next hurdle.
C: Excellent idea I think. Okay, thank you very much. Lovely talking to you.
S: Thank you. 04.23
Liz Bourke 008.
C: I’m here at Octocon with Liz and I’ll ask her to tell us what she’s doing here.
L: Hi, I’m at Octocon this weekend to sell some books. Partly because I’m moving house and partly because I have a few copies of my own book Sleeping With Monsters to sell and I have luckily sold most of them. So that’s what I’m doing here.
C: Great, can you tell me what your book is about?
L: It’s a collection of reviews and criticism looking at science fiction and fantasy from a generally angry feminist point of view. There’s a tendency in the genre and in literature in general 0.41 to forget that there’s a long tradition of women doing anything. And as you come to it what you see in the bookshops growing up, it generally tends to be skewed towards the most popular and most masculine end of the science fiction spectrum. Partly because booksellers themselves have their own ingrained biases and partly because it’s a reflection of what publishers pay more money for and then put more promotion behind. 1.00 So I started out writing a column for Tor.com a few years ago called Sleeping With Monsters. I took the title from Adrienne Riches’ poem who wrote A thinking woman sleeps with monsters – the beak which rips her she becomes.
L: Which I thought was a very powerful line of poetry.
C: Goes back to Beowulf in fact when you think about it.
L: Indeed. 1.38 And I thought it was kind of appropriate for science fiction and fantasy. So I started talking about books by women, the portrayal of women in the traditional media in science fiction and fantasy. I now write that column weekly for Tor.com as well as writing several reviews a month for them, and a general review column for Locus magazine. 2.08
C: Are all these available on line?
L: Locus is both print and online magazine. You can get electronic editions of it. Tor.com is associated with but generally editorially independent from Tor books. Which is part of the Macmillan publishing company. Tor books has a very strong track record of publishing science fiction and fantasy 2.36 and I understand the Tor.com website which has now developed publishing of its own, the powers that be behind it wanted to promote the kind of conversations they’d been having on newsnet forums and things in the 90s before it became impossible to have those conversations without being drowned out by trolls.
C: Yes, I’ve been hearing a lot about that from American people, that women are trolled very heavily and persons of colour are trolled very heavily.
L: There’s been a study, The Guardian’s writers about trolls, they published the amount of crap they get in the comments. Myself I’m a little surprised that I don’t get more crap than I do.
C: Who wants to be that high profile, if that’s the reward?
L: You don’t have to be that high profile, I know a few women who 3.30 based on this have had very graphic threats – deeply unpleasant.
C: What can be done about this? Have you any recourse to the law?
L: Have you ever tried to report a phishing scam to the police?
C: Yes I have, and they were entirely unaware that such things existed.
L: Pretty much the same.
C: Sad. I’m sure there must be one department that knows about it but maybe not in all the stations.
L: I wouldn’t know. Not my end of things really.
C: Okay. So are you having a good time at Octocon? 4.14
L: Yes, yes it’s friendly, I already know most of the people here from previous events and previous years. Not most of the people but generally a good proportion of people I recognise and have chats to. It’s very hard to go to an event if you don’t really know anyone there. And have a good time.
C: I agree with that. I would say one good way to do that is to become a volunteer straight away. Gives you a reason to be there and people have a reason to talk to you.
L: Yes. That’s if you don’t mind doing an awful lot of running around though.
C: Well it’s a start. And it builds confidence. Okay, thank you very much for talking to me and I wish you the best.
Eileen Gormley 009.
C: I’m here at Octocon with Eileen and I’d love you to tell me more about why you’re at Octocon.
E: Hi, I’m Eileen Gormley, I’m a writer and a diehard science fiction fan, so I write science fiction, historicals, romance, contemporary, a bit of murder, and I like an element of fantastic in everything I write.
C: That sounds amazing. Tell me about your science fiction books.
E: My science fiction book started almost as a joke. I started writing about a space vampire called Cytolene who landed on Earth and had to hitchhike her way home, and along the way she picked up some human pets and then had to keep them alive. And it sort of evolved into its own universe, with its own code of laws, three mothers in laws per person and a few assassins.
C: Okay, so the first one was called Don’t Feed The Fairies, am I right?
C: And what was the second one?
E: Don’t Eat the Earthlings. And Don’t Hunt the Humans will be coming out shortly.
C: Oh really, I’ll be looking forward to that one. 1.04
E: There are more assassins in that one.
C: And you’re a diehard Doctor Who fan too are you?
E: Yes, I actually remember the very first Doctor Who which unfortunately tells me exactly how old I am.
C: Oh no, you saw it on the repeats.
E: (laughs) 1.19 And I used to watch it from behind the sofa.
C: I think we all did. Especially the Daleks. Okay, so what else are [ noise off] you doing here at Octocon?
E: I’m enjoying the atmosphere because you don’t often get to find so many people who are legends in this area and so many fans, so you don’t have to explain why you love science fiction.
C: I completely agree. But science fiction isn’t all you write is it? Tell me what else you write.
E: I write romance, contemporary romance, historicals, occasionally some fantasy things. I had a lot of fun writing a story about a Sheela na gig that tends to have a very unfortunate effect on any woman that comes in contact with her.
C: Okay, that’s an Irish fertility symbol isn’t it?
E: Yes, and you can probably guess what happens when women meet her.
C: We might leave that one with a curtain discreetly drawn, okay, what book is coming out next?
E: There’s nothing actually with a firm date at the moment. My co-writer and I at the moment are working on a Regency romantic murder if there is such a thing? 2.34
C: I’m sure there is. Romantic suspense we’d probably call it. Is that Caroline?
E: Yes. Caroline McCall who is the other half of Evie Hunter. I write both as Eileen Gormley and as Evie Hunter. Caroline is the other half of Evie.
C: So how did you two get together? 2.52
E: We were actually at the same writing class in UCD. Patricia O’Reilly ran a creative writing class in UCD. We were both in the class. I don’t think we actually liked each other initially and then we discovered we had very similar tastes in literature; our bookshelves were virtually identical. And then we started working together and it kind of went from there.
C: And you got taken up by Penguin.
E: Yes. 3.20 We wrote a book for an American publisher first of all, called Ellora’s Cave, which generated quite a lot of publicity, around the time Penguin were saying We need to, we need a book that can compete with Fifty Shades of Grey, but we don’t know any Irish women who can write good smut. And then suddenly there we were all over the media.
E: So they invited us in to their office, grilled us like rashers and then asked can you write a book that will knock 50 Shades off the shelves. And we said yes, of course we can. We wrote The Pleasures of Winter in five and a half weeks.
C: Excellent. Well done.
E: Yes, it was lunatic. (laughs)
E: We are never doing that again. 4.00
C: Especially collaboration I think is so difficult because both of you have to get eyes on all the aspects of the book.
E: In some ways it helps; she normally writes the girl parts, I write the boy parts, 4.12 but it also meant a lot of arguing over plot rather than one person having an idea about plot we both had to agree, and it did result in a lot of pressure over editing. But we got there.
C: And very successfully too.
E: Thank you.
C: Thanks for talking to me today Eileen, great to have you. 4.32
To clarify: I asked Eris in front of her mother if she would be interviewed, as she is under 18. Her mother agreed to the interview.
Eris Byrne 005
C: Hello, I’m here at Octocon with Eris, and she’s one of the younger members of the Con, so I’m delighted to be talking to her today.
E: Hi, I’m Eris, I’m in my sixth year at secondary school so I’ve the Leaving this year. I’ve been sick this year and I’m spending time at Octocon taking a break from stress and having fun.
C: That’s a great reason to come to a convention, and it’s not your first Octocon is it?
E: No, this is my third Octocon; I went last year and the year before at Camden Court.
C: And you’ve booked in for Worldcon? I hope.
E: Yes, I did it yesterday and can’t wait to go.
C: Excellent, we’ll be really looking forward to that next year. Do you mind telling me what kind of science fiction or fantasy you enjoy.
E: I love reading, I spend most of my time reading books if I can, and tv shows and movies like Doctor Who and The Flash and basically anything that I can get into.
C: That sounds great. Who’s your favourite authors? 0.51
E: Jacqueline – JK Rowling because that’s just my childhood, and JF Randi because he writes in Dublin.
C: That’s right.
E: It changes constantly so anything I’m reading on line or whatever so always changing.
C: Do you like The Hunger Games or not?
E: Oh yes I love The Hunger Games.
C: Okay, because I’ve just had a discussion with a young adult author who assured me that teenagers are definitely into very dramatic and very intense conflict.
E: Yes. I prefer the books to the movies though, but the movie came out on my birthday last year so I went to see the trilogy at midnight which is when you have fun.
C: Wow. But you still enjoy the Harry Potter ones to re-read do you?
E: Yes, if I can’t find a book I’ll just re-read a Harry Potter.
C: I think we all like to, there’s so much detail in them and we can get different levels of enjoyment from them all over again. 1.52 So what are you doing here for the rest of the day?
E; Well there’s a talk on right now about Doctor Who and later there’s the Golden Blasters, the short film festival. 1.58 Not sure if there’s more things on I want to go and see.
C: Okay. Which Doctor Who is your favourite?
E: David Tennent.
C: Oh he was great.
E: He was amazing.
C: 2.05 Would you like a female Doctor Who or not?
E: I love Jodie Whittaker and I’ve seen her in different things, I’ve actually seen her working with David Tennent before as well which is great. And I think it’ll be good for the show, and shows feminism and how it’s in society.
C: You think it’s important to represent this.
C: And why not, it’s an equal opportunity job, right.
C: Well thank you very much Eris Byrne for talking with me today. 2.34
How to work on the theme
Many of the interviewees talked about aspects of feminism and the involvement of women in the SF world in various ways. Therefore I propose editing the clips to reflect the conversations from this point of view.
I will need to record brief intros to each item.
Start with Edmund who talks about the past of SF. Cut after a few paragraphs.
Peadar. Cut after talking about the Hunger Games style YA.
C.E.Murphy whole clip. Publishing, art and now self-publishing have allowed women creators to get involved in and earn from SF.
Sakura cut early noise but use the rest.
Liz, Eileen, Eris, the whole clips. Eris to show YA and the future of SF.
If using Einstein-Rosen, get clip which includes ‘Have you been snooping on Mom’s things?’ and explain we see a letter with NASA heading. 1.17 – 3.40.
Start by looking back at the early years of SF when most writers were male and almost all main characters were male. Some women authors used male pseudonyms and some like Ursula LeGuin created famous male and non-binary protagonists, reaching both male and female readership.
YA books have broadened the field considerably and many now feature female protagonists in dramatic and violent roles. Recent examples would be Twilight, Divergent and the Hunger Games which have also been filmed. Even male authors are creating these female protagonists.
Peadar has since had a story nominated for the Carnegie Medal.
Eris – what does an actual Young Adult have to say? Female Doctor Who.
Sakura – further diversity and a wide community of convention organisers and attenders. Doctor Who.
CE – women content creators and the wide variety of content incl artwork goods.
Liz – content on internet and problems with internet trolls
Eileen – romance, SF writer in Ireland
The Editing Process
I chose to make this podcast on Audacity. I had learned how to make a short podcast on ProTools (ten minutes including a few minutes of music) but found this difficult to use. This was because I was not very used to the Apple Mac computer in college and because my eyes are not good at seeing tiny symbols. Even if a label came up when I hovered the mouse on a symbol, the lettering was so tiny I could not read it. The ProTools is a professional program and it is good to learn the industry standard, which has many technical details to improve the work, but I wanted to be able to make this long podcast myself at home on my Windows computer. Audacity works on Windows or Macs. If I make another podcast after college I will be making it with my own equipment so it made sense to be sure I could use it now when I could ask the lecturers for help if required.
My Samsung phone
Windows 10 PC
Audacity program free download
Notebook with notes
Broadband connection for sound samples and uploads
Google Drive for storage and backup
Spare pen and paper
Two days clear to work from scratch.
What I learned about the program
Audacity has a simple clear interface and does everything pretty much from one window. At the top are the File- Import commands, Edit and other tabs. Under Edit I found a variety of effects including Amplify. This was very useful for bringing my voice up to the level of the sound effects. I particularly like the dropdown menus with readable words in text big enough for me to read. I also like the handbook which has demonstrations and talks through the basics before introducing anything fancy.
There are six main tools which I was easily able to remember after checking with the simple downloadable handbook. Highlight, copy, paste, envelope, move, cut. The program creates a new track every time I import something which meant a lot of little tracks as I imported all my clips to put between the interviews. The program does have many effects which I did not use but I will get more familiar with them as I continue to make podcasts.
After editing when I had a complete Audacity file, this is not openable by other systems so I needed to export it as a Wav file or MP3 file. Audacity came up with a notice saying that for copyright reasons it was not allowed to provide a total program to carry out this work. It recommended a particular free download to plugin for this step. I downloaded and this plugin was ready to work with the Audacity file right away.
I needed to convert a file from YouTube to MP3 and had done this in class but when I returned to that site YouTube2MP3, MalwareBytes came up and said this was a bad site and I should leave it. I saw a popup of the nuisance type come from the site to my computer. I did not download a converted file from that site. I went to the next site on Google for this task and had no issues. I thought that if the site does host malware even occasionally, maybe the malware cannot infect Macs and only targets Windows. I closed the programs, disinfected the computer and started again.
I also needed to convert my recorded interviews as Audacity could not work with that kind of file. I Googled how to do it. I went to the recommended website and converted them to MP3 one by one. By contrast ProTools had been able to work with phone recordings directly.
I found I could clearly tell who was used to being interviewed and who was used to podcasts. Peadar has been the subject of several podcasts and therefore when he started a sentence and changed what he was saying, he started again from the beginning of the sentence, making it easy for me to edit for a clean line. Eileen was another very professional interviewee as was CE. They were all lovely people and I tried to remove any coughs or too many ums for a smooth conversation.
I decided not to use any of the Spanish film as I had enough content and adding Spanish might confuse matters. I left out mention of the short film awards though one of my interviewees mentioned it, because it was not relevant to women’s issues in SF.
I found sound effects on Freesound.org and while I had previously checked them out and got a good idea of what I would use, I now found some better ones as well which included a beautiful reading of a verse of a poem by WB Yeats. In Memory of Eva Gore-Booth and Con Markievicz. I included this near the end partly because it fitted with romance in Ireland, and partly because a male voice at that point balanced the female voices I was including at that point. I think this adds gravitas to romance which could be seen as a lighter literary genre.
I recorded the linking internal comments on my phone in separate files in my office, and had to wait for a storm to drop as the outside weather noise was audible on the first file I tried. Getting under a duvet with the phone just captured all my breathing and the inquisitive cat. As it was just me, I could delete the file and record again if I was not happy.
Then I put everything into Audacity and worked on the files. I enjoyed doing this work and got more familiar with the program as I went. I was able to judge how much time a task would require and decide whether to leave it for the next day or not.
I converted the finished Audacity file into both a Wav file and an MP3 and stored them on my Google Drive. I then accessed them from another computer just to make sure I could open them and listen to them.
I will definitely make more podcasts and host them on my own webspace.
You may also be interested in my look at a RadioLab podcast.
Located on Clare Street and Merrion Square West, Dublin 2, the National Gallery of Ireland consists of a purpose-built building with wings which have been joined by use of courtyards and corridors. Recently the Gallery underwent extensive renovation and the most recent wing was added, and the building is now better able to display the nation’s treasured art. This collection of photos explores how features of the building enhance the art and engage the visitors.
The Gallery was established in 1854 by an Act of Parliament. The original building, designed by Francis Fowke, was opened in 1864. The frontage had been specified to mimic the Natural History Museum beside it. The Milltown Wing was constructed to house a donation from the Countess of Milltown in 1901. The Beit Wing, designed by Frank DuBerry and named to commemorate art donors Sir Alfred and Lady Beit, was opened in 1962. The Millennium Wing designed by Benson & Forsyth, with its Clare Street entrance, was added in 2002, in a more typical city street. This entrance is near train, Dart and bus routes.
The atrium immediately gives a sense of the scale and space in the Gallery. This speaking statue of playwright George Bernard Shaw uses modern audio and phone tech to engage visitors. On the right is the cloakroom, cafe and wheelchair loan facility. The stairs are painted to bring colour into the neutral space – and there is an accessible lift. Near the stairs on the left, special temporary exhibitions are housed.
Painted to resemble a fashionable period house such as Russborough, home of the Beits, the Gallery’s rooms remind us of stately living and display portraits as they would have been shown when commissioned. Today’s rooms need to monitor humidity and smoke.
Brasswork requires polishing, but it doesn’t tarnish easily and the colour and shine reflect the gilded frames of paintings and mirrors. The visitor wanders from floor to floor with rooms invitingly open before their gaze. The Grand Gallery now has natural daylight pouring in through clear panels in the roof.
The renovations included making the gallery more accessible. Mobility impaired people can borrow wheelchairs, and lifts glide to every floor. Special platform lifts have been installed where a few stairs link floors that are almost on the same level. Accessible restrooms are provided. Audio guides are available and a guided tour can help those with reduced vision enjoy the art.
Only those with money could afford to commission portraits. These children are shown taking natural history lessons.
The slender side stairs, tall windows and curved pillars provide an air of graciousness and simplicity. Descending to the Shaw Room, where a grand piano provides for concerts in this ballroom space; a portrait hanging here shows a lady with her prized clavicatherium, an early piano.
One of the main attractions is this recently discovered Caravaggio, The Taking of Christ. Copies of this painting had been found previously and the original, painted in 1602, had been well documented. Only in 1990 was the work rediscovered, when an art expert saw it hanging in the Jesuit Fathers’ house in nearby Leeson Street. The restored painting is now on indefinite loan to the Gallery and was among those paintings chosen for an RTE series on The Nation’s Favourite Paintings.
Where better than a seat by the fireplace for the visitor to rest, and to share the experience of the weary washerwomen in the painting.
The contemporary portrait gallery includes the Portrait Of the Year 2018 award winner, a reminder to us that art must appeal to young people, and use modern media, if it is to stay relevant.
Sculpture as well as painting brings Irish characters to life.
The courtyard which connects levels and buildings, perfectly sets off this olive ash laminated wood sculpture Magnus Modus by Joseph Walsh, and larger than life art installation, Finding Power by Joe Cashin. Natural lighting, built surfaces and vertical planes contrast the soft curves, minimal colours and hard materials.
Walk around the National Gallery with this virtual tour.
You may also enjoy my visit to Dublin’s Gallery of Photography.
All photos (c) Clare O’Beara 2018
Our changing dietary needs
We need a good, balanced diet, full of different fruits, vegetables and sources of protein. Some of us find it hard to get enough variety or good quality food. The older fruit is, the more vitamin content it has lost. Apples may be grown in one hemisphere and shipped to the other, or warehoused for six months in cold storage. Unless your apple has been grown locally and recently, it’s just a ball of sugar.
Processed foods generally contain more filler (such as palm fat and dextrose) and less food, while processing methods can reduce nutrients. For instance extra-virgin olive oil, made from the first light pressings of the fruit, has more nutrients than the last drops of oil squeezed from the crushed olives, which can contain carcinogens produced by heat from friction with the olive stones. More information here.
People on medications may find uptake of nutrients from diet is blocked, while health conditions such as thyroid function loss, drain the body of nutrients and stop absorption. Anyone with a physically demanding job or sport will need more nutrients suited to their body’s running repairs. Expectant mothers have a double need for nutrients. Children and young adults are growing and laying down solid bone, while older people will begin to have brittle bones. We also need these nutrients to have a healthy, functioning immune system. More information here.
Supplements and multivitamins
Supplements and multivitamin and mineral tablets are a good answer for many people. If your diet seems to be healthy and balanced, you might not need any right now. But discoveries are being made in dietary health all the time, so it’s worth keeping an eye out for news. A deficiency in one nutrient may be enough to start health problems.
My advice is to buy supplements from a recognised brand, which assures good quality, from sustainable sources. Own-brand supplements can also be found in supermarkets, chemists and health food shops. Try to match the same type of ingredient (glucosamine sulphate instead of other kinds) and same amount (50mg instead of 15mg) as the bigger brands to see if you are really saving money.
Europe’s supplements are tightly regulated for content and advertising. This is not always the case in other countries as this recent post from America shows.
Vegetarians and vegans generally eat a wide range of plant foods and try to buy organic when possible. Vitamin B12 is not included in plant matter so this is especially required for vegans. Vitamin A comes in two forms, beta-carotene from plants and retinol from animals, and we need both for optimum health. More information here.
Expectant mothers are now urged to take folic acid, as this B vitamin is vital for healthy nerve development in the growing baby. The supplement prevents neural tube defects. Recent studies suggest the deficiency of folic acid may be linked to cleft palate. The medical profession advises women to take this supplement while trying to become pregnant. Folic acid is found in normal diets, but doctors want to be sure the mother has enough. More information here.
Cranberry juice makes the urine more acidic, so inhospitable to bacteria which cause bladder infections. The downside is that taking cranberry juice after the urinary tract infection (UTI) sets in is too late, as it just makes the condition more painful. The juice needs to be imbibed regularly as prevention rather than cure. A woman is more likely to contract a UTI, especially if she has a lowered immune system. Cranberry extract supplements can be taken if drinking the juice isn’t convenient. The latest research finds that polyphenols and antioxidants in cranberries can promote heart health; while warning that cranberries may interact with medications such as warfarin, amoxillin and others. More information here.
Here in Ireland we don’t get enough sunshine, especially during winter. We tend to work indoors more than our ancestors, and those of us with fair skin tend to apply sunscreen on sunny days. Vitamin D is known as the sunshine vitamin, because our skin makes this vitamin on contact with sunlight. But our skin makes D1. This travels in the bloodstream to the kidneys, which convert it to D2. This is worked on by a parathyroid hormone, produced in the thyroid gland, and converted to D3. Only now is the vitamin able to help us absorb calcium from our diet. Calcium is found in traditional dairy products and fish, also in leafy greens. Vegetarians and anyone on a low fat diet may not get enough Vitamin D and calcium, because vitamins A, D, E and K are fat soluble. For this reason, a good Vitamin D supplement should come in an oil-based capsule, ideally cold-pressed olive oil or cod liver oil. Calcium and magnesium are what bones are composed of, and one supplement is made from oyster shell. Vitamin D also helps maintain a healthy immune system.
My husband Allan suffered early osteoporosis which caused fracturing of his hips without a fall. He ate dairy and fish but he worked indoors and did not get enough sun. His thyroid was also underactive. Once the cause of his severe hip pains was revealed by MRI scan, he was hospitalised and his blood was tested. He was found to have five percent of the Vitamin D level required. Accordingly Allan was placed on high-strength vitamin D capsules in cold-pressed olive oil, and calcium tablets, to strengthen his bones enough to be suitable for hip replacements. He is now recovering well from bilateral hip replacements and still taking calcium and vitamin D. Further information here.
Cod liver oil
Cod liver oil has been proven to repair the telomeres, which are protective caps on the ends of our chromosomes. As we go through life our chromosomes get damaged and shortened, so we age. Keeping the telomeres in good condition means we don’t age as quickly. More information here. And here.
Cod liver oil also carries fat-soluble Vitamins A and D into the bloodstream. Vitamin A helps to support our sight. These vitamins can also be gained by eating oily fish like sardines and salmon. The oil is good at helping joints. I have been taking cod liver oil capsules since I was a teenager.
I first saw lutein advertised for eye health on multivitamin tablets while I was in Arizona in 2002. Walgreens health store included it in their own brand tablets. The continuous strong sunlight made this a good choice. When I came home I asked my optometrist about lutein for eyes and he had never heard of it. I had to do my own research. These days we are looking at bright screens a lot of the time, and the retinas need protection from these as well.
Lutein is a xanthophyll found in yellow and orange fruit and vegetables like peppers, sweetcorn and oranges, and purple berries like blueberries. Lutein is used by the body to make the retinal surfaces more reflective, so excess light entering the eye is bounced back out and the retina does not get damaged. Blueberries also have a high content of anthocyanidins, which help to generate antioxidants. These protect the body against free radicals – damaging, volatile molecules with unpaired electrons, which may be familiar to you as the causes of cancers. They occur in the eye through sunlight radiation; as well as age-related macular degeneration they can cause cataracts in the lens. Ideally, enjoy blueberries on porridge or dessert. I do, and I regularly take a lutein supplement for my eyes. Further information here.
Glucosamine and chondroitin
Glucosamine, usually made from shellfish, helps to repair soft tissue and joint oil. As the joints are used the tissue gets worn away, especially in knees and hips which bear weight. Then the hard bone edges scrape off each other, which causes painful arthritis. When glucosamine is combined with chondroitin, which repairs cartilage, the connective tissues are much improved and the pain goes. Studies vary because they do not all test the same form of glucosamine. The most effective form is glucosamine sulphate. This was proven to work in sport horses. Horses ridden as showjumpers and eventers do severe impact work regularly and their knees often suffer, causing them to be reluctant to jump on hard ground. Many riders will only train on soft training surfaces for this reason, and they keep the horse on a low dose of butazoladin in the feed, allowed in eventing as a painkiller and inflammation reducer. Horses are unable to be swayed by placebos or faith healers. Either their knees are sore or they are not. More information here.
Glucosamine was recommended to me by my doctor for very sore knees. I had worked outdoors all my life, cycled everywhere, rode horses daily, climbed trees. I had got to the stage where going up or down stairs hurt, bending my knees lying in bed hurt, and as I walked along the footpath I would automatically go for the dish in the kerb when I crossed a road. I started to feel a difference within a month and started combining the tablet with chondroitin, which I could feel sped up the repair work. I can safely say that if I did not take glucosamine regularly, with occasional additions of chondroitin, my joints would be in a much worse state and I would be on heavy painkillers. I would require knee replacements because the bones would have been damaged. I recently tried collagen tablets in place of my usual joint care, and this worked very well.
Biotin is another supplement that was tested on animals, and in horses it promotes healthy hoof growth and mane and tail growth. This is also called Vitamin B7 and it helps the body make energy as well as metabolising amino acids, the building blocks of protein. A protein called keratin makes up our hair and nails – and horses’ hooves, and rhino horn. While biotin is found in small quantities in foods like eggs, it’s water soluble and it’s easy not to get enough unless you eat eggs every day. More information here.
Don’t overdo it!
Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat soluble, so taking too much can cause them to be stored in the liver. For this reason we are told not to overdo Vitamin A in particular; pets which are fed liver regularly can absorb too much A, which is toxic at high doses. More details here.
Vitamins B, C and other nutrients, like magnesium, are water soluble so if you don’t need it, it will wash though the body and be excreted. This is why it’s pointless to take expensive tablets if you don’t need them. Those working physically, or athletes, will need more supplementation, but should primarily take a good rounded diet, prepared by healthy cooking methods and not heavily processed.
Is there money in supplements?
Why are our diets lacking in nutrients which our bodies expect to use, and why is more not being done by the medical system to counter this? Do firms just want to make money selling supplements?
Organic farming uses natural compost and rich soil, but the minerals and compounds are leached out of the soil by growing plants and the movement of water through the soil. Cover crops such as clover are ploughed in to fix nitrogen and make compost, or animal manure and rejected vegetables are used to replace the nutrients naturally. Trees draw nutrients from deep soil and scatter them in leaves. Crop rotation means that different nutrients are taken up by different plants in succeeding years.
Modern agricultural methods use pellet fertiliser instead, made from synthetics, usually nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium in differing proportions. Much of this is made from oil. More information here. And here. The field is not rested for a year, and trees are felled to make wider fields. We are essentially eating oil, and not just in terms of tractors, trucks and plastic packaging. If the nutrients are not in the soil they can’t be in the crop.
Processing, storage and transport all reduce the nutrients once the crop is harvested.
Another issue is that palm fats are found in 50% of supermarket goods today. This is a cheap, bulky fat without the nutrients we would expect from other oils. For instance many nuts contain selenium and vitamin E, grass-fed dairy butter contains vitamins A, D and K, avocado oil contains vitamin E. But palm oil in almost all cases contains nothing but fat. Vast swathes of tropical rainforest are being destroyed to grow oil palm trees, eliminating wildlife habitat and killing half of all orangutans during the past thirty years. The consumer does not realise that their food, such as so-called dairy spreads, has fewer nutrients than in previous years. Learn more here. Palm oil gained popularity because it can be solid at room temperature and does not have to be hydrogenated, a process which made liquid fats solid but not digestible and linked them (trans fats, partly hydrogenated or hydrogenated fats) to clogged arteries, high cholesterol, diabetes and heart conditions. More information here.
The medical / pharmaceutical industry spends a great deal of money on generating and trialling medications. What is most required is medications that can be patented. These make a great deal of money for the firm, which lasts until the patent expires, after which other firms can start to make that medication too. Some medications are for long term use, like asthma inhalers or arthritis pain relievers. The pharmaceutical industry can’t patent vitamins or minerals, and it doesn’t have an interest in curing asthma or arthritis. If few people got cancer, anti-cancer drugs would not be sold.
Health supplements do make money for firms, but not as much as prescribed medicine would, and taking supplements is voluntary, by informed people. Governments, Non Governmental Organisations like cancer charities, and healthfood companies have to do the advertising and education, aided by news media on the lookout for stories.
All photos (C) Clare O’Beara 2018.